07
nov

  Some Issues regarding Drones (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems)   Drones are today tools, which are becoming more and more common. The threat faced by military drones to civil aircraft is ominous. One will also consider that those responsible for operating RPAS such as the remotely-piloted Predator MQ-1 or Reaper MQ-9 aircraft do not usually seek or receive the permission as prescribed by Article 3(c) of the ICAO manual. One will be aware that an RPAS like this carries sophisticated weapons, and is programmed to launch lethally accurate strikes against terrorists in conflict areas of the world. One should also consider that an RPAS, such as for instance the Reaper, does not have a pilot in the cockpit, but more than 180 people are require to keep the drone flying. A pilot is however always at the controls, and another officer operates its sensors and camera. The ICAO RPAS Manual recognizes a State in which hazards and risks to safety are reduced and alludes to safety management systems as systematic approaches to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures infrastructure, formalities and procedures. It is clear that there are many safety aspects in aviation. The Manual on Remotely Piloted Piloted Aircraft Systems of ICAO refers ...

26
sep

  MONEY LAUNDERING: A GLOBAL VIEW Since two decades money laundering issues and law became inherent of our daily life. Changes in the law on money laundering have taken place and are in train, in Europe, in China and other parts of the world. Striking headlines like ‘Spanish Princess Cristina de Bourbon charges with money laundering and fraud in major corruption investigation’, ‘Messi caught up in money laundering mess’, ‘HSBC sets aside $700m for money-laundering fines’, ‘Vatican Priest charges with money laundering’, Prosecution Office continues to catch lax gatekeepers’, or ‘Lawyer and book keeper convicted of laundering £1.8’, can be found regularly in newspapers and on websites these days. They reflect the results of the ongoing fight against money laundering worldwide. New rules are intended to prevent money laundering and terrorism financing. The regulators want more timely cross border transaction data on individuals to track risks arising from increasing cross border transfer. In Europe, China and other parts of the world, more or less the same principals are valid. Definition of money laundering Money laundering is a generic term used to describe the process of concealing illegally obtained proceeds. It is criminalized all around the world and is considered a grave danger ...

04
apr

Analysis of Passenger Data ACT OF 25 DECEMBER 2016 on the processing of passenger name records (Belgian Official Journal 25 January 2017) (PNR Act) The Belgian ‘PNR Act’ (Passenger Name Record) requires carriers and tour operators in the various transport sectors (air, rail, road and maritime transport) to forward the data on their passengers to a central database - ‘the passenger name record database’ - so it can be analysed in the context of terrorism, violent radicalisation and other forms of serious crime such as fraud, people smuggling and the illegal trade in drugs and arms. The intent is to compare the collected data with pre-determined criteria to identify new trends and phenomena, and to determine which passengers could endanger our public order. PIU There are still many hurdles to clear before Belgium can effectively start with the analyses. First, a ‘Passenger Information Unit’ or PIU must be established within FPS Home Affairs. This unit will collect, store and process the data that is transmitted by the carriers and tour operators. In other words, it is here that the data is analysed and stored in the ‘Passenger Name Record Database’. Crucial to this is the cooperation with the PIUs of other ...

06
dec

  Implications of the New Regulations regarding the Use of Drones in Belgium On 25 April 2016, the Royal Decree on the use of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in Belgian airspace became effective. This Belgian regulation is a transitional regime.  The minister or the director-general may give persons who have a special experience with respect hereto permission to fly an RPAS, to act as an RPAS flight instructor and RPAS examiner for a period of one year as from the effective date of the Royal Decree on Drones.  If after one year the persons involved are unable to prove that they comply with all requirements laid down in the Royal Decree, their certificate of competency and/or operator’s certificate will be revoked. If you fly a drone that weighs less than 1 kg for private use, you may only do this over private land, at a maximum of 10 metres above the ground, and in accordance with the privacy regulations. Heavier appliances (take-off mass of 1 kg or more) may fly higher (up to 300 feet), but there are strict rules for both operators and appliances.  Pilots must pass theoretical exams and practical tests.  For drones with a take-off mass of ...

13
sep

Brexit and Aviation: Status Quo is Likely The 23rd June referendum vote in favour of the British exit from the EU came as an enormous shock despite the warnings from pollsters, which many EU politicians did not take into consideration. However, this is typical for the European politicians who live in their ivory tower. The first consequence is an unwelcome period of uncertainty. But, as with any major shock of this kind, the immediate warnings of disaster and market collapse normally dissipate as thinking adjusts. The bureaucrats will now begin to pick up the pieces and work around the complexities, to leave this all to chance. For consumers, the single aviation market and the US-EU Multilateral Open Skies Agreement are the most immediate issues. For European services, the likely outcome is for the UK to negotiate single market access, as Norway and others have, through the ECAA, although they are not EU members. This would broadly maintain the status quo from a consumer perspective and the UK’s airlines would retain full market access. UK airlines would have to comply with associated EU regulations, despite having no say in their formulation, which is exactly ...